Added: Genika Bowles - Date: 04.10.2021 22:19 - Views: 14505 - Clicks: 5771
What does it mean to be a good citizen? But there is more. Tribal colleges and universities TCUs are on the forefront of the application of tribal core cultural values that are the foundation of good citizenship. In the United States, core cultural values include property ownership, wealth creation, and, politically, the idea of a representative democracy in which voters elect people to represent them in political roles. Such roles can be within the government, whether that be state, local, or national, or they can be in other kinds of entities such as corporations, A good citizen is, and neighborhood organizations.
But there are other American cultural concepts that contribute to expectations about citizenship, including patriotism, civil rights, the concept of one man-one vote, and, more recently, nationalism. There are also laws that are deed to ensure access to political participation and the success of core American values such the Voting Rights Act, the Civil Rights Act, and A good citizen is related to access to credit.
For the Indigenous nations of the United States, citizenship is characterized very differently than in the country at large. This may be because we are members of families and clans, and therefore, by extension, members of tribes. Thus, being a tribal member has cultural elements as well as political ones. People who are antagonistic to tribal interests have acted on this assumption. Indeed, this implication has been the basis for at least one U. Supreme Court case, U.
Mazurie Of course, such a conclusion is far from true. Tribal governments provide services, employment, and other benefits. Although only citizens of the tribe are entitled to those benefits, non-citizens often access them as well through their relationship with citizens e. As the roles of tribal government have changed, so has our relationship to that government.
We should see ourselves as citizens and that tribal government provides for many of our needs. For tribal communities, the core cultural values that define what a good citizen is are very different than those of the United States or any of the individual 50 states. Each tribal nation has core cultural values that are specific to the tribal place and its human and non-human residents. Such values have developed over thousands of years. For example, Pueblo Indians created civilizations in the desert Southwest by harvesting water from rivers to for the weather and overcome the aridity of the region.
This livelihood required permanent, close-knit communities with centralized decision-making and communal public work projects to provide water, sustenance, and protection for the whole pueblo. It is a practice that continues today. The closest neighbors to the Pueblos were the Athabaskan tribes, Navajos and Apaches, A good citizen is core cultural values are very different. Prior to the arrival of the Spanish and the introduction of livestock, these tribes led a foraging, semi-nomadic lifestyle with limited agriculture.
This societal structure created more individualistic values, including living a distance from other families and having religious expression that was more family than community oriented. But these two groups of people are only a sampling of hundreds of different Indigenous communities living on Turtle Island. Every Indigenous group has developed core cultural values and manners of expression that reflect their history and relationship to the land. While each Indigenous nation has its A good citizen is core cultural values, there are certain values held by most, if not all tribes in the United States.
Through their work, AIO has identified four values that are common to most Indigenous nations in the U. As Indigenous peoples, we nurture relationships between the humans and other non-human and spiritual entities. We see the value in all life, recognizing the rights of all beings, animate and inanimate.
Generally, we do not hoard wealth as exemplified by giveaways, potlatches, and other redistribution ceremonies. And we place spirituality and relationships above material goods and possessions. Perhaps one of the most important values applicable to tribal communities throughout A good citizen is U. Historically, without a total commitment to the community, the group could not have survived. Individualism is one of the hallmark values of Western civilization and has conflicted with the communal nature of Indigenous societies throughout the Western hemisphere for the last years. Tribal communities have the core cultural values that provide standards to define the good tribal citizen.
Yet we seldom hear about tribal citizenship, even from leading Native scholars. Of those six, just two focused on dual citizenship. From this review, it appears that as tribal educators we do not have much dialogue on one of the most basic aspects of sovereignty: citizen participation. Why do we complain about our tribal governments, see them as illegitimate, or have lower expectations of their abilities or capabilities than we have for other governments?
Tribal governments face greater challenges than many other local A good citizen is. They lack a tax base, have a high reliance on federal funding, and must cope with a workforce that has little education. At the same time, they have all the problems that other local governments have such as providing necessary services, maintaining a budget, holding elections, meeting constituent expectations, and developing our communities and reservations.
Our attitudes towards our own tribal governments have become skewed.
But for tribal peoples, we often complain about the viciousness of tribal politics, nepotism, and apparent favoritism in the provision of services. How are we really different than any other people who dislike government? Through values common to most Indigenous communities, and those specific to particular tribes, we A good citizen is the basis for identifying the standards of good citizenship.
The American assimilation project can be defined as a series of U. Besides Native Americans, the assimilation project was directed at immigrants from southern and eastern Europe, as well as Latin America, for the purpose of inculcating American values into those resident populations whose way of life and beliefs were not rooted in the English Protestant tradition.
For Indigenous peoples, the assimilation project was disastrous. In the late s, the assimilation project targeted three aspects of tribal life: notions of law, communal property, and culture. Communal property was attacked through the Allotment Actwhich divided reservations and gave acreage to each individual in an effort to instill the idea of private property, a process which resulted in the loss of two-thirds of the tribal land base. The attack on culture continued through the boarding school experiment. Children were taken to regional boarding schools A good citizen is from their home communities, punished for speaking their language, and taught that their tribal way of life was wrong.
Boarding schools stripped Native children of their language and culture, creating several generations of people with confused identities, non-existent parenting skills, an inability to speak their Native language, and cultural illiteracy. The American assimilation project created so much confusion in our communities that it is a miracle we still have some sense of our core cultural values or that we can see ourselves as nations and societies. In the film In the Light of ReverenceDeloria speaks to the notion of rights and responsibilities as they pertain to the natural world.
In his discussion, Deloria stated that the United States has become a society in which our perception of our rights has become more important than fulfilling our social responsibilities. We certainly can see that is the case in terms of our relationship to our planet and the effects of industrialization and A good citizen is.
Focusing on the rights rather than responsibilities of citizenship is the epitome of Western individualism. Without balancing the two concepts, we have a society that places more importance on individual desires, regardless of their impact on society.
We are seeing, during the COVID pandemic, individuals who refuse to social distance or stay home, insisting that their individual A good citizen is to play basketball, go to the beach, or party at a bar are more important than the well-being of society as a whole. This way of thinking also allows the individual to take from society rather than give back.
We see large tax cuts for corporations and wealthy individuals, while these same entities often receive subsidies and other benefits. Unfortunately, this focus on individual rights has also influenced our relationship to our tribal governments.
We all want our government to provide services, immunity from state laws, access to tribal resources, cultural privileges, and economic opportunities.
But in return, what do we do for the tribal government? If we are unwilling to apply the value of reciprocity in our relationship with our tribal government, the American assimilation project will have succeeded. For example, Rebuilding Native Nationsa book published by the Native Nations Institute at the university of Arizona, only mentions tribal citizenship in the context of tribal A good citizen is and neoliberal economic development, while The Rights of Indians and Tribes by Stephen Prevar, senior staff counsel at the American Civil liberties union, explores Indian citizenship in the context of federal and state citizenship.
Apparently, tribal membership and economic development are more compelling than the actual day-to-day relationship between tribal citizens and their governments. What do we need to do to develop a stronger sense of tribal citizenship? Tribal colleges are on the forefront of this challenge. Core cultural values point the way to behaviors, manners, and expectations that are foundational to citizenship. Since TCUs are intellectual centers in many tribal communities, it is logical that local discussions of citizenship and core cultural values take place at those institutions.
How do we integrate our core cultural values into the tribal college curriculum? To a large degree we can achieve this through classes on tribal histories, Native knowledge, tribal cultural A good citizen is, and Indigenous ways of knowing. We need to have dialogue on tribal rights and responsibilities. How do we integrate those localized lessons, values, and practices into contemporary tribal political thought? Such institutions look to their faculty and graduate students to analyze and synthesize political theory with an emphasis on theories with universal application.
However, by definition tribal political thought should be localized. Tribal colleges are not necessarily bound by the idea that only the most highly educated can develop theory.A good citizen is
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The Good Citizen