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Buy Akro Agate Popeye marbles on eBay! Home Log In. Inkspot Antiques: An eclectic assortment of antiques and collectibles. First the "device" de identifies the service or state militia that used it, and generally when it was used. Keep in mind that certain devices were used for many decades, so other clues are needed. The buttons construction also offers a guide to age. Finally, the back mark may not only indicate the manufacturer, but if a particular mark or the manufacturer was in existence for a narrow time period, you can further pin down the likely age Dating waterbury buttons use of a button.
Some rules of thumb of age can be made as to how the Dating waterbury buttons is attached. A one-piece button with a brazed shank soldered appearance is a de common in the 18th century, but was also made after. A two-piece button with a brazed shank is typical of 19th century. Two pieces crimped together were first made about Two-piece hollow rounded buttons held together by a thin rim "staff" buttons were invented in the s and used until Civil War era buttons may show a circular depression at the base around the shank. Shanks inset into holes in the button is typical after World War I.
Sometimes one of the best indicators of button age is the manufacturers back marks. Many button manufacturers of course made non-military uniform buttons, generally called "fashion" buttons. Antique military buttons will typically have an eagle, anchor, or state seal de. Fashion buttons can have many motifs ranging from floral, scroll, or even patriotic des that might be confused with military buttons. Sometimes private company buttons like train companies might be confused with military uniform buttons. Generally military uniform buttons of the Civil War era and earlier command the highest prices, and are in more demand that fashion or private company uniform buttons.
The image below shows the de of each of the four principal military branches. Generally, brass buttons represent dress uniform buttons, and black buttons are field uniform buttons. The US Army, and US Marines button de and manufacture have changed little since the since the turn of the twentieth century. The US Navy officer button has not changed sincewhen the eagle went from facing to its left, to facing to its right, and the US Air Force buttons have changed Dating waterbury buttons since the branch was created until after the end of World War II There are some collectible variants in all branches before the Korean War s relating to composition, de, and back marks, but post Korean War buttons have little collector value, other than as a replacement on a modern uniform.
US Dating waterbury buttons buttons did change a modest de changes during the 19th Century, and the image below can be used as guide on identifying the age of buttons between the Civil War and about Some of the most collectable are those that contain that reference the division of the army on the eagles' shield, with I representing the Infantry, C the Calvary, A the Artillery, and D the Dragoons, among others see the detailed timeline below.
US Navy Dating waterbury buttons between and look nearly identical to today's buttons, except the eagle faces to its left during that period viewer's rightand init changed to facing to its right. There are some interesting and collectible variants in the de and manufacture of these earlier US Navy buttons, and some of the civil War era variants can be quite collectable.
Scovill Buttons Prior to and during the Civil War, Scovill was the most prolific button manufacturers. The Scovill name is common on buttons from the to the s. The original Scovill partnerships and companies were located in Waterbury, CT, so often the name Waterbury also appears on Scovill buttons. The brothers J. Lamson Scovill and Dating waterbury buttons Henry Scovill operated the business from to These buttons are generally marked "JML Scovill Below are some of the many Scovill backmark variations.
Example: So. RMDC : Backmarks with a raised mark in a depressed channel. These generally date to the s to s. DM : Depressed marks the lettering looks hand stamped into the metal. These typically date to the s and later. Caveats Keep in mind that using Scovill backmark lettering including dots and stars is not a foolproof method because Scovill often used old backmark dies to make newer buttons. Another nuance is that while text may remain the same, other embellishments on Scovill buttons change with time. An backmark may have the name in a groove or one or two rings made of fine lines or tiny dots, whereas a later button may have no ring of dots like the Great Seal general service button below.
One and two-piece buttons. See list of "Great Seal" button marks. Shields with Letters Shield with I : Infantry. Enlisted men, Dating waterbury buttons, officers Shield with A : Artillery. Shield with R : Riflemen. Shield with C : Calvary, officers only. Shield with D : Dragoons a light cavalryfor enlisted men, officers Modern Buttons, Non-military Buttons, and Reproductions Millions of buttons are manufactured every year, and many modern U.
These modern U. Some military des, like the navy anchor, eagle on anchor, fouled anchor, and the older army officer eagle were always popular on non-military clothing. If you purchased a blue blazer with brass buttons in much of the 20th century, the fashion buttons would often be of an eagle or anchor motif similar to military uniform buttons. These military styled buttons are sometimes passed off as military uniform buttons today, but Dating waterbury buttons des do not precisely match the military des, and they typically lack the detail and quality found in regulation uniform buttons.
Adding to the confusion was that some manufacturers, like Waterbury, used the same backmarks for decades on military, private company uniform, and brass fashion buttons. Sometimes foreign buttons get mixed up and added to collections. German Navy buttons are a type Dating waterbury buttons often go unrecognized.
Even some military button references appear to contain errors. Tice shows a Scovill button with a de of a fouled anchor with a rope border, similar to the one pictured here TICE NAand stating Chief Petty Officers started using these buttons about This is nonsensical, because the U. Navy did not create the rank of Chief Petty Officer rank until Albert shows the same button as NA, but does not attribute a date, but still identifies it as a Chief Petty Officer button.
However, no website devoted military uniform history, nor any of the historical texts make any mention of Chief Petty Officers wearing a unique style coat button. In fact, regulations from and posted online state Chief Petty Officers are to use same buttons as the other officers, although on one coat, it is a slightly different size. Finally, button manufacturers are manufacturing authentic-looking antique military buttons for military reenactment groups and societies.
While the des of these buttons are generally accurate, their quality and detail in the de is usually inferior to the originals, and the backings are very different.
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