Added: Rakel Oconnell - Date: 16.12.2021 08:05 - Views: 41906 - Clicks: 5912
Can human pheromones really influence our attraction to others? A new study says two putative pheromones cannot.
Scientists have long debated whether humans secrete chemicals that alter the behavior of other people. A new study throws more cold water on the idea, finding that two pheromones that proponents have long contended affect human attraction to each other have no such impact on the opposite sex—and indeed experts are divided about whether human pheromones even exist.
The study, published today in Royal Society Open Scienceasked heterosexual participants to rate opposite-sex faces on attractiveness while being exposed to two steroids that are putative human pheromones. The authors reasoned that if the steroids were pheromones, female volunteers given AND would see gender-neutral faces as male, and male volunteers given EST would see gender-neutral faces as female. They also theorized that the steroids corresponding to the opposite sex would lead the volunteers to rate opposite sex faces as more attractive.
Simmons belongs to a camp of researchers that believes human pheromones likely exist, but none has yet been identified. A push to publish more negative findings has led to studies like these emerging to question long-held views, says Tristram Wyatt, a pheromone researcher at the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom who was not involved with the work. Martha McClintock, a behavioral neuroscientist at the University of Chicago in Illinois who is widely credited with and sometimes criticized for elevating AND and EST to pheromone fame, along with the heavily contested idea that women living together will sync their menstrual cycles, Do women have pheromones the findings only really negate an overly simplified view of AND and EST having an almost mystical ability to attract partners.
She still thinks the compounds can affect behavior—just in a much more nuanced way than most people think. Wyatt, who is convinced the new work is solid, hopes that investigators will now re-evaluate how they search for human pheromones.
Studies focused on sex and attraction are exploring a complicated realm, he says, as human sexual behavior is not well understood. By Elizabeth Pennisi Jul. By Warren Cornwall Jul. By Meredith Wadman Jul. By Mennatalla Ibrahim Jul. All rights Reserved. Got a tip?
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Pheromones and their effect on women’s mood and sexuality