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Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. Women constitute the majority of students at US schools and colleges of pharmacy but make up only a minority of senior faculty members. In academic pharmacy, male mentors play an essential role in supporting the professional success of female mentees. These male mentors must recognize their role in creating safe and equitable environments for female mentees to learn and collaborate.
They should respect the unique experiences and concerns of female mentees, particularly regarding sexual violence and harassment, and conduct themselves in a manner that prioritizes safety. They should also strive to develop the same interpersonal connections with female mentees that they work to develop with male mentees, realizing that maintaining inequitable personal distance from women undermines their professional success. Specific suggestions for balancing the potentially competing concepts of mentee safety and personal connection are offered by the authors, a male faculty mentor and female student mentee pair.
In fallwomen ed for One in five women will be raped during her Lonely woman looking sex Mentor, and one in four women in college have already experienced unwanted sexual contact. A survey by LeanIn. While women make up Diminished access to male mentors could be disastrous for female students and junior faculty as a minority of experienced mentors are female. We recognize that most male mentors in academic pharmacy strive to provide equitable support to all mentees regardless of demographic profile.
However, even well-meaning mentors can make subtle mistakes that impact female mentees negatively. We propose that two core principles can support the Lonely woman looking sex Mentor of respectful and supportive mentoring relationships between members of the opposite sex: establish a safe environment, and think before speaking or touching. We reject the notion that protection of the male mentor should be the primary concern given that there is scarce evidence demonstrating any risk of false harassment or assault claims. Members of the millennial generation, to which both authors belong, desire personal connection with mentors that extends beyond the classroom.
The principles outlined in this commentary are intended to support the development of safe, respectful, and beneficial relationships between male mentors and female mentees. We acknowledge that our cisgendered, heterosexual, interethnic, faculty mentor — student mentee perspective does not represent the full range of mentoring dynamics in academic pharmacy. However, we hope it may provide some insight for mentoring relationships in which there are complex power dynamics influenced by other gender identities, romantic preferences, or cultural backgrounds, including faculty mentor — faculty mentee relationships.
Because sexual harassment and violence are committed against men far less often than women, men can be ignorant of the dangers women face in mundane situations.
However, a female student might be hesitant to meet with a male professor in a private space at a time when there might be no other personnel in the office suite or building. Male mentors bear a responsibility to consider these concerns proactively when advising female mentees. Does that work for you? Let me know if you prefer a location other than my office. He might even suggest a specific alternative to ensure the student knows the offer is genuine.
Would you prefer if we moved out to the courtyard? As a mentoring relationship progresses, male mentors and female mentees may find themselves in increasingly casual and private situations.
Consider an example of a male mentor with one female and one male student mentee set to present a platform session together at a regional Lonely woman looking sex Mentor located a few hours away. The male mentor identifies it as an opportunity to develop a greater personal connection in the mentoring relationships and sends a group offering to transport the mentees in his personal vehicle.
The female mentee accepts, but the male mentee declines. If you were the male mentor in this example, how would you proceed? Fabricating an excuse to avoid transporting the female mentee is also suboptimal because it models dishonest, avoidant behavior that may undermine the mentoring relationship. We suggest the best answer is to give the mentee an opportunity to rescind her acceptance of the transportation offer. You are still welcome to ride with me, but I would not be offended if you made different plans.
Male mentors who do not feel comfortable driving alone with the female mentee should avoid making the initial group carpool suggestion. In addition to establishing an environment that is physically safe, a mentor should create a sense of intellectual security and empowerment that recognizes potential differences between sexes. The ultimate goal of the mentor should be to create an environment in which the female mentee feels valued, encouraged to express her views, and empowered to advocate for herself.
Consider the example of a female mentee who is collaborating with a male peer and male mentor to produce a manuscript. The female student may be less assertive than a male student in Lonely woman looking sex Mentor discussion of manuscript authorship based on an understanding that assertive women are often viewed more negatively than passive women by collaborators. These comments contribute to a hostile work environment for women.
Male mentors must take a proactive stance to address inappropriate comments of this sort from colleagues. For example, a male mentor may be discussing potential new team members for a project and dismiss a female candidate as too emotional to handle critical feedback. Physical contact between a male mentor and female mentee is a particularly difficult issue to address in a consistent manner as personal dynamics and cultural customs can lead to substantial variation in what may be considered appropriate.
To allow for more clarity, physical contact for the purpose of education should be distinguished from physical contact in a personal Lonely woman looking sex Mentor emotional context. Regarding education, faculty members should observe the same decorum of asking prior to touching that is recommended when examining a patient. The request should also be accompanied by an explanation of the extent and purpose of the proposed contact. I will only touch below the knee and will hold my fingers in place Lonely woman looking sex Mentor [pointing] for a few seconds while supporting your leg from behind.
This will allow me to observe whether there is any pitting characteristic consistent with excessive fluid. We advise that male mentors should not initiate physical contact in a personal context, though there may be situations in which doing so is acceptable. Consider the case of a mentee who hopes to complete a postgraduate residency but does not match with a program.
If the mentor has developed a close relationship with her, he might identify that placing a hand on her shoulder or engaging in a brief hug would be comforting. However, a substantial risk of misjudgment exists in this scenario. If the male mentor is not absolutely certain, he should either ask for consent or avoid acting on the impulse. Inappropriate physical contact can be upsetting and isolating for female mentees. In addition to actual physical touch, objectifying female mentees by staring at their bodies is an unacceptable intrusion.
Though women represent a growing proportion of mentors and most students in academic pharmacy, men still occupy most positions of leadership. Men throughout academic pharmacy have a responsibility to serve as effective mentors for female mentees.
In order to do so, they should prioritize female mentee safety while pursuing personal connections that are equitable to those they engage in with male mentees. We contend this can be achieved by establishing safe physical and intellectual environments, considering the language used when communicating with or about women, and avoiding inappropriate or unwanted physical contact. We recognize that generational, geographical, and cultural norms may influence optimal implementation of these suggestions. Further research is needed to assess the prevalence of sexual harassment and other behaviors that undermine the safety and success of female mentees in academic pharmacy.
This research could inform programs at colleges of pharmacy that seek both to prevent misconduct and to mitigate its impact. At this time, we suggest administrators in colleges and schools of pharmacy should promote a proactive dialogue around this issue with faculty members, preceptors, staff members, and other personnel who supervise students.
National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Am J Pharm Educ. Lucas G. HillPharmD a and S. Andrea LaguadoPharmD b. Andrea Laguado. Author information Article notes Copyright and information Disclaimer. Corresponding author. Corresponding Author: Lucas G. Tel: : ude.
Received Jan 26; Accepted Jun 6. Abstract Women constitute the majority of students at US schools and colleges of pharmacy but make up only a minority of senior faculty members. Keywords: mentorship, harassment, professional development, professionalism, faculty development. Establish a Safe Environment. Think Before Speaking or Touching. Sarah Ashlock for providing editorial support.
AACP Website. Accessed June 5, CDC Website.
Published November An examination of sexual violence against college women. Violence Against Women. Kearl H. Stop Street Harassment; What women are up against at work: key findings. LeanIn website. Profile of Pharmacy Faculty, Published FebruaryLonely woman looking sex Mentor
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When It’s Hard for Women to Find Male Mentors