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The U. Those combine for only investigations opened this year and still active, according to federal data analyzed by the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. The increase in the scholarships investigations is largely because of complaints filed by a single person, said Brett Sokolow, president of the Association of Title IX Administrators. Mark Perry, a finance professor at the University of Michigan-Flint, has filed numerous complaints alleging unfairness to men.
In many cases, the investigations have pressured colleges to either discontinue their women-only scholarship programs or make them available to men, as well.
If successful in Arkansas, about a dozen privately funded scholarships would have to change. O p p o n e n t s of t h o s e changes contend that the female-only scholarships and programs are critical to encouraging greater representation of women in certain academic fields dominated by men, such as science and engineering. While investigations into single-sex scholarships and 69 investigations into single-sex programs remain open, Sokolow acknowledged female-targeted scholarships and programs are ubiquitous.
He said hundreds or thousands of schools could have such programs or scholarships.
Under Title IX, Sokolow said, academic institutional scholarships, whether provided by the institution or its foundation, must be distributed roughly to women and men. In contrast, in athletics, the distribution must be proportional to the gender makeup of the student body. Federal Equity in Athletics Disclosure Act data, examined by the newspaper, show that proportional distribution of athletic scholarships is not followed almost anywhere in Arkansas. Most student-athletes are male, and they receive most of the scholarship money.
The scholarship money, however, is often distributed proportionally to the gender makeup of the student-athlete populations. The idea behind those rules assumed that more men would play sports and that student bodies would be about men and women, Sokolow said. Only one of those assumptions proved to be true in the long run. Once outed, more women now attend college than men, nationwide and in Arkansas. Data provided by a handful of Arkansas universities show that most institutional academic scholarship money, not including foundation-provided scholarships, goes toward women.
In most years, on average, however, female students received less in aid than the average male student. The newspaper obtained data outside of athletics from Looking Real Sex Perry Arkansas five. Colleges and universities commonly fail to track academic scholarship distribution data by race or gender, Sokolow said.
But the investigations are causing many to start paying attention, he said. The federal education department is investigating the University of Central Arkansas and the University of Arkansas at Little Rock for women-only academic scholarships financed by their foundations.
The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette obtained investigative records so far in each case.
The federal education department is investigating seven scholarships awarded to UCA students and at least three awarded to UALR students. Many of the scholarships target academic programs in which women are less represented, such as science. Some are for business students. UALR also is under investigation for a single-sex program, based on a complaint from a person who was denied admission into a program.
The investigations have sought data on scholarships awarded, which the universities told the newspaper they have complied Looking Real Sex Perry Arkansas. The investigations remain open, though many colleges have attempted to resolve the complaints prior to any formal findings, by ending the scholarship programs or opening the scholarships up to more than women. Sokolow often advises schools to do that.
If the scholarships are provided through the foundation, the benefactor must agree to change the terms of the gift. Neither university offers scholarships for only men.Looking Real Sex Perry Arkansas
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