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It lies on the Straits of Mackinac opposite St. Ignacewith which it is linked northward by the 5-mile- 8-km- long Mackinac Bridge. European settlement of the site originated in with a French trading post, which in developed as Fort Michilimackinac.
During the French and Indian War the fort was taken over by the British, only to have its garrison massacred in by a band of Native Americans under Ojibwa Chippewa chief Minavavana. It was reoccupied by British troops the next year. In —81 the British moved across the straits to a new fort on Mackinac Islandabandoning Fort Michilimackinac to the elements. A restoration of the original French-British fort, deated a national historical landmark, stands in Colonial Michilimackinac State Historic Park at the southern end of the bridge.
Michilimackinac State Park, adjacent Mackinac Grants New Mexico sexy the fort, includes Old Mackinac Point Lighthouse and the reconstructed 18th-century wooden sloop Welcome. Mill Creek State Historic Park, 3 miles 5 km south, is the site of an excavated water-powered sawmill used in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
Its position as a control point on the straits was sustained by the arrival of the Grand Rapids and Indiana Railroad inand it was incorporated as a village in Mackinaw City now caters to summer vacationers and is a departure point for ferries to Mackinac Island a minute crossing.
Mackinaw City. Additional Info. Print Cite verified Cite. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
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Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires. External Websites. Full Article. Mackinac Bridge seen from Mackinaw City, Mich. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Michiganconstituent state of the United States of America. Although by the size of its land Michigan ranks only 22nd of the 50 states, the inclusion of the Great Lakes waters over which it has jurisdiction increases its area considerably, placing it 11th in terms of total area.
The capital…. Straits of Mackinacchannel connecting Lakes Michigan west and Huron east and forming an important waterway between the Upper and Lower peninsulas of Michigan, U. Spanned by the Mackinac Bridge opened and underwater gas and oil pipelines, the straits are 4 miles 6 km wide and approximately 30 miles…. History at your fingertips.
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