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You may have heard that last weekend, a dozen students at Wesleyan University were hospitalized after taking a bad batch of "molly," an illicit drug that's recently become a hit on college campuses. Two of them ended up in critical condition, according to the Washington Postand four were arrested and suspended from school. In case you're not familiar with the drug, we've put together a little primer.
You may have actually heard of molly by one of its other names, ecstasy or X. Across the pond, in the U. Many people think that molly is a pure form of MDMA; however, in recent years, other synthetic drugs have begun to be substituted for MDMA, so you can never really be sure exactly what you're getting.
MDMA acts both as a stimulant and psychoactive drug. Pop the molly usually comes in capsule or tablet form. Its effects often last up to about six hours, but people sometimes end up mixing it with other drugs or taking multiple doses—and that's what can be dangerous. Several news outlets reported that the Wesleyan students had overdosed on the drug, so it's possible some of them could have taken molly more than once.
This isn't the first time something like this has Pop the molly. Infor example, year-old Olivia Rotondo died at a music festival. Molly has similar effects to other drugs, namely stimulants like amphetamine or the hallucinogen mescalineaccording to the National Institute on Drug Abuse NIDA. Like other types of amphetamines, it can make you feel more energetic and alert. But it can also make you feel dehydrated and sweaty and make you grind Pop the molly teeth. Your motor and reasoning skills may decline.
So, why is it so popular among ravers, then? Well, it's simple: molly makes you feel kind of giddy. It does that by releasing several neurotransmitters—the molecules your brain cells use to communicate with each other—in the brain. Namely, it affects the serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine systems. Many of Molly's feel-good effects are probably the result of your brain flooding with serotonin, a neurotransmitter closely associated with mood.
When serotonin is unleashed, though, that can have secondary effects—like the downstream release of oxytocin and vasopressin, two hormones involved in love and sexual arousal. Well, what goes up must come down. Your brain doesn't produce unlimited amounts of serotonin, so after you experience the serotonin spike, you're going to be in a serotonin deficit Pop the molly a while. That means feeling confused, depressed, and anxious.
Some people also have trouble sleeping. This may or may not happen right away—some of these effects can come on days or even weeks later. Well, it turns out that it's also involved in regulating blood pressure by constricting blood vessels. When you have more vasopressin in your system, your blood pressure spikes.
So taking Pop the molly can put you in greater danger if you already have cardiovascular problems. Scientists aren't sure whether molly is addictive. What we do know is that some people have reported "symptoms of dependence, including continued use despite knowledge of physical or psychological harm, tolerance or diminished responseand withdrawal effects," according to NIDA.
It's also important to note that molly affects some of the same neurotransmitter systems as other addictive drugs. In some cases, molly isn't pure 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine. It can be laced with other substances, like cocaine, ketamine, cough suppressants, caffeine, methamphetamine, and new synthetic drugs called "bath salts.
Several teens in Minnesota had died or ended up in the hospital after taking these drugs. It's unclear at this time what other substances might have been in the hits of molly the Wesleyan students took over the weekend, but police have some evidence that it wasn't pure.
Molly, ecstasy, MDMA—whatever you want to call it—has been around a long time. In the s, MDMA was actually used in psychotherapy. Big caveat: its therapeutic value hadn't really been tested and its Pop the molly never had approval from the U. Food and Drug Administration, which oversees medications. Now, the drug has made a comeback at colleges, in part because there's misconception among young people that the drug is safe.
That's clearly not the case, as the hospitalizations of the 12 Wesleyan students have shown. Nora Volkow also warns :. MDMA is not new to the scientific community, as many laboratories began investigating this drug in the s, and the picture emerging from their efforts is of a drug that is far from benign.
For example, MDMA can cause a dangerous increase in body temperature that can lead to kidney failure. MDMA can also increase heart rate, blood pressure, and heart wall stress. Animal studies show that MDMA can damage specific neurons in the brain. In humans, the research is not conclusive at this time; however, a of studies show that long-term, heavy MDMA users suffer cognitive deficits, including problems with memory. Last question: is there any special lingo I should use to talk about molly with the ravers in my life? Glad you asked. Typically, people talk about "popping molly" rather than "doing molly" or "taking molly" — mostly because "pop molly" was a lyric in a Jay-Z song.
But be careful: sticklers might point out that "popping" usually refers to taking pills. If your friend's molly is in powdered form which it often isyou might encourage him or her to stick with something more scientifically Pop the molly, like, "I am going to a rave tonight, and I plan on placing 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine into my bloodstream. Daniela Hernandez is Pop the molly senior writer at Fusion.
She likes science, robots, pugs, and coffee. The A. By Daniela Hernandez. This image was removed due to legal reasons.Pop the molly
email: [email protected] - phone:(236) 891-1270 x 1020
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