Added: Brooklin Weiner - Date: 04.02.2022 05:46 - Views: 39992 - Clicks: 5229
While both men and women cultivate close relationships, the dynamics of these relationships appear to be quite different. Forming close bonds with others is an integral part of being human. From an evolutionary standpoint, people need secure and supportive relationships to survive and to reproduce. Be it a romantic relationship or a close friendship, there are certain attributes that characterize intimate relationships. Dunbar, a professor of evolutionary psychology at the University of Oxford.
People do not often study sex differences in social style bizarrely, some disciplines even forbid the study of sex differences in anythingand it seemed to us there might be something important that we were missing.
The researchers noted that one common feature of close relationships is similarity — people tend to create relationships with those who are like them. Evidence also suggests that similarity matters more for certain traits than others, but it is unknown how these traits might differ across male and female relationships. Dunbar and his colleagues set out to pinpoint the traits that support intimacy within relationships and to unearth any sex differences that might be at play. The researchers recruited participants between the ages of 18 and 80 to complete an online questionnaire that asked them about their close relationships.
The participants completed scales to assess the level of intimacy within their romantic partnerships and best friend relationships.
They also scored themselves, their partners, and their best friends according to 13 attributes e. In line with research, both romantic relationships and best friendships were more similar trait-wise than they would have been if the data had been randomly distributed — supporting the idea that people form relationships with those who they perceive to be similar to them.
Next, the researchers examined how the similarity of each trait contributed to the level of intimacy in a given relationship. Interestingly, sex differences emerged.
For romantic relationships, women appeared to look for similarity in partners to a greater extent than did men. Women rated the intimacy of their romantic relationships higher when they and their partners were more similar in terms of finances, dependability, outgoingness, Romantic friendship between man and woman kindness. For men, the intimacy of their romantic relationships was not ificantly linked to partner similarity on any of the traits. One is not better than the other — they are just different ways of achieving the same long-term goal.
But it does mean that both sexes need to be aware of that and make the appropriate allowances. The dynamics of male and female friendships were quite different. Dunbar and his colleagues noted that these differences could reflect the fact that women prefer to socialize one-on-one while men prefer to socialize in groups. The findings add to the existing evidence that men and women have a fairly different outlook on friendship. Men were also more likely to have a romantic partner but no best friend compared to women.
The researchers say these findings support evidence that men have social circles that tend to include a collection of casual friendships, whereas women tend to have smaller social circles that include one or two more intimate relationships. The one thing we should never do is p on ideological grounds that we know.
PsyPost is a psychology and neuroscience news website dedicated to reporting the latest research on human behavior, cognition, and society. Home Exclusive Social Psychology. Male and female friendships are maintained by different psychological dynamics, study finds by Beth Ellwood. April 27, Share on Facebook Share on Twitter. Perfectionistic tendencies are associated with reduced cognitive flexibility and heightened emotional suppression.
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