Added: Anh Hackworth - Date: 24.10.2021 19:34 - Views: 14905 - Clicks: 5745
The Uba riots of or simply the Mauritian riots of refers to an outbreak of riots and civil disturbances that broke out amongst small scale sugar cane Union flacq mauritius on the island of Mauritius in August The riots led to the death of 4 people with an additional 6 people being injured. Uba refers to a variety of Saccharum sinense sugarcane commonly cultivated by small hold owning cane growers and labourers at the time who initiated the riots due to an unexpected reduction in the price sugar mills were prepared to pay for the cane.
Large sugar estates sold off less productive land to better-off Indian Mauritians from the s onward forming a class of small land owners who came to be known as Sirdars. The Sidars used family labour to make their sugar plots profitable.
The Sidars also acted as middlemen between sharecropping rural workers and the Franco-Mauritian elite that Union flacq mauritius the large Sugar Cane estates. This created a distance between labourers and the land owning elite who ran the Sugar Mills resulting in a lack of any mechanism for the cane labourers to raise grievances with their employers. The owners of the large sugar plantations held a very strong political position within the local government of Mauritius. Both due to their economic power and because the British colonial government was concerned about aggravating pro-French Union flacq mauritius amongst Franco-Mauritians during the s.
Fearing that they would agitate either for independence or to become a French colony again as advocated by the Retrocessionist Movement or Retrocession Movement which was active at that time. Many small scale farmers planted the hardier but less productive Uba variety of sugarcane.
Although Uba produced more cane by weight it also had a lower sucrose content than traditional varieties of sugarcane meaning that the mills would produce less refined sugar from it. Since the growers of sugarcane were paid by weight the sugar refineries experienced lower profits whilst the growers were paid more per harvest.
In Julyat the beginning of that year's sugarcane harvest, the sugar refineries announced that they would only accept Uba cane for fifteen percent less than regular sugarcane.
This combined with the depressed state of the sugar market internationally put great economic strain on growers. Following the announcement of the fifteen percent reduction in the Uba cane price labourers on the Rich Fund estate asked the Sirdars or managers to intervene to raise the Union flacq mauritius.
After getting no Union flacq mauritius the labourers went on strike and caused a of minor disturbances. Due to similar strikes in Trinidad at the time the British government in Mauritius initially sought a conciliatory approach whilst the Labour Party held rallies calling for political and economic reform. By mid-August the strikes had spread to other sugar estates across the island. The government sought to negotiate with the sugar refineries to increase the price of Uba cane but a few estates refused.
One of the estates that refused to increase the price,  the Union-Flacq estate owned by Rajcoomar Gujadhur became the target of arson attacks and property damage. This along with a suggestion by the police to deal with their own security lead to the stockpiling of weapons on the estate. On the 13 August around small planters and labourers marched towards the refinery at Union-Flacq. At Bel Etang they overturned tramways.
Fearing for their personal safety the staff fired on the demonstrators. The encounter resulted in the deaths of 6 protesters and wounding 4 more. The protesters dispersed whilst setting fire to surrounding sugar cane fields.
Following the Uba riots and the Hooper Commission of Enquiry  in the local British government repealed the ban on labour unions, created a framework for collective Union flacq mauritius, and setup the Mauritian Department of Labour whilst also creating institutions to help arbitrate grievances between employers and labourers. Thereby increasing their access to technology and improving their long term economic standing. About a year after the Union Flacq massacre dockers in Port Louis also went on strike in Septemberthus crippling the island's only port and its economy.
The deadly protest had a ificant impact on the Labour Party Mauritius which had been formed a year earlier. Part of a series on the.
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