What is the drug crank

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A Japanese chemist first synthesized methamphetamine—also called meth, crank, crystal meth or speed—from another stimulant in Methamphetamine was used early on as a medical treatment for narcolepsy, asthma and as a weight-loss drug. After the war, meth use increased dramatically, even after it was outlawed What is the drug crank the United States in Scientists first developed amphetamine-type stimulants—including methamphetamine—as a manmade alternative to the ephedra plant.

Ephedra is a type of shrub whose extract has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for over 5, years. InNagai Nagayoshi—a Japanese chemist studying in Germany—identified the active chemical in ephedra, a stimulant called ephedrine. Methamphetamine was difficult to make untilwhen another Japanese chemist—Akira Ogata—streamlined the process. Methamphetamine is a stimulant drug. A form of the drug known as methamphetamine hydrochloride, marketed as Desoxyn, is a Food and Drug Administration FDA -controlled substance used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD and obesity.

What is the drug crank

Other, illegal forms of methamphetamine—usually in the form of a white powder—can be recreationally snorted or dissolved in water and injected. Crystal meth is a solid, crystalline form of the drug. It may look like shards of glass or clear-white rocks. Users often smoke or snort crystal meth. Smoking the drug can quickly elevate levels of methamphetamine in the brain.

This gives users a rapid, intense high, making crystal meth both more addictive and potentially more harmful than other forms of methamphetamine. American pharmaceutical company Smith, Kline, and French began marketing the amphetamine inhaler for use in asthma and nasal congestion in Their inhaler medication, called Benzedrine, was initially available without a prescription. People soon discovered its euphoric, energizing side effects.

What is the drug crank

Because of these stimulant-type effects, pharmaceutical companies began to manufacture Benzedrine in pill form for narcolepsy a sleep disorder. During World War IIGerman pharmaceutical company Temmler marketed methamphetamine tablets as a nonprescription drug under the brand name Pervitin.

Japanese, U. Kamikaze pilots received high doses of Pervitin before suicide flight missions. Japanese factory workers also used methamphetamine to work longer hours. The German army ordered front-line soldiers and fighter pilots to take military-issued stimulants that contained a combination of methamphetamine and cocaine. Recreational use of Benzedrine—or bennies—became a popular part of Beatnik culture in the s.

Audenreportedly used artificial stimulants, including bennies. But amphetamine use began falling out of favor in the late s. Inthe FDA began to require prescriptions for Benzedrine. It was also becoming apparent that amphetamines had many What is the drug crank effects—including delusions, paranoia, abnormal heartbeat and heart failure—among regular users and addicts.

Chronic methamphetamine use can lead to addiction. Over time, the brain develops tolerance to the drug and the user needs to take higher and higher doses to achieve the same pleasurable effects.

What is the drug crank

Crystal meth may be particularly addictive. Some users report getting hooked after trying the drug just once. Meth addiction can cause serious changes in the brain including paranoia, hallucinations and delusions for instance, the feeling of insects creeping under the skin. Many meth addicts have rotting teeth—a condition known as meth mouth—and experience severe weight loss.

What is the drug crank

In the s, the United States began to tighten regulations around the sale and use of the ephedrine—a pharmaceutical precursor used to make crystal meth. As a result, illegal meth labs turned to an easier to obtain precursor—pseudoephedrine—a chemical found in many cold medicines. Use of crystal meth in the United States exploded in the early s. Between andmethamphetamine use rose from just under two percent of the U. Meth use has declined over the past decade, possibly as a result of limits put on the sale of pseudoephedrine in What is the drug crank countries.

In the United States, inroughly 1. While Adderall and Ritalin have some chemical properties in common with methamphetamine, they are generally considered safer when taken at prescribed doses and under the supervision of a medical practitioner. Misuse of the drugs, however, can lead to addiction.

What is the drug crank

Use of prescription stimulants, notably Adderall, in the U. Inadults between the ages of 20 and 39 received roughly 16 million Adderall prescriptions. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. For thousands of years, indigenous people in the Amazon Rainforest and Andes Mountains have chewed coca leaves to get an energetic high.

European scientists first isolated cocaine from coca Heroin, morphine, and other opiates trace their origins to a single plant—the opium poppy. Cultivation of the plant dates back to the earliest years of human civilization, and opium use was well known in ancient Mesopotamia. The narcotic drug has been used both recreationally German chemists originally synthesized MDMA, or ecstasy, for pharmaceutical purposes in Drug trafficking in the United States dates back to the 19th century. From opium to marijuana to cocaine, a variety of substances have been illegally imported, sold and distributed throughout U.

Early Opium Trade in the United Marijuana, also known as cannabis or pot, has a long history of human use. The history of cannabis cultivation in America dates back to the early colonists, LSD, or lysergic acid diethylamide, is a hallucinogenic drug that was first synthesized a Swiss scientist in the What is the drug crank. The War on Drugs is a phrase used to refer to a government-led initiative that aims to stop illegal drug use, distribution and trade by dramatically increasing prison sentences for both drug dealers and users.

The movement started in the s and is still evolving today. As with most anti-drug initiatives, Just Say No—which What is the drug crank an American catch phrase in the s—evoked both support and criticism from the public. The 80s Crack The automobile was first invented and perfected in Germany and France in the late s, though Americans quickly came to dominate the automotive industry in the first half of the twentieth century. Henry Ford innovated mass-production techniques that became standard, and Ford, Live TV. This Day In History.

What is the drug crank

History Vault. Benzedrine and Early Methamphetamine Use What is the drug crank pharmaceutical company Smith, Kline, and French began marketing the amphetamine inhaler for use in asthma and nasal congestion in Recommended for you. History's Most Terrifying Serial Killers. History of Easter. History of Thanksgiving. History of Witches. Heroin, Morphine and Opiates Heroin, morphine, and other opiates trace their origins to a single plant—the opium poppy.

Marijuana Marijuana, also known as cannabis or pot, has a long history of human use. LSD LSD, or lysergic acid diethylamide, is a hallucinogenic drug that was first synthesized a Swiss scientist in the s. War on Drugs The War on Drugs is a phrase used to refer to a government-led initiative that aims to stop illegal drug use, distribution and trade by dramatically increasing prison sentences for both drug dealers and users.

What is the drug crank

Automobile History The automobile was first invented and perfected in Germany and France in the late s, though Americans quickly came to dominate the automotive industry in the first half of the twentieth century.

What is the drug crank

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